The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is an introspective questionnaire used to categorise a person’s personality and their perception of the world. The results enable four dominant characteristics of a person to be determined, in which each are presented in the form of letters, one for each characteristic. For each dominant characteristic there is an option of two traits and therefore two letters; the options are:
Introvert (I) or Extravert (E)
Sensory (S) or Intuitive (N)
Thinking (T) or Feeling (F)
Judging (J) or Perceiving (P)
This means that due to the variety of options, there are 16 personality types that can be used to determine the basic character of an individual, and by doing so determine potential interests and skills of a specific person due to their psychological nature.
Although these features are not absolute in defining a person, they act as ‘indicators’ towards the intrinsic nature of an individual; a person who is decidedly an introvert can still approach a situation from an extrovert manner, much like a person who is left handed is still able to write with their right hand, it just occurs less naturally to the individual, which enables certain skills and assets to be associated with an individual.
The distribution of the these personality types is not of an equal ratio, with the most common personality type being ISFJ, making up 13.8% of the UKs population with 19.4% of the female population having this specific personality type and the rarest personality type, forming 1.5% of the population, being INFJ. Meaning that the overall population of the UK predictably has a variety of different personalities and associated skills. MBTI could therefore prove invaluable to the individuals of society, allowing them to either confirm or discover various careers well suited to their individual character and potential assets. It would enable individuals to be directed in a career branch best suited to them as a person, in addition to taking their interests and skills into account. It could contribute significantly during Careers Advice given to students before they enter the world of work, allowing to successfully find a career they are comfortable in and happy working in, this may ultimately lead to them also being successful in their chosen career due to their inherent predisposition to the skills required for their specific role.
Various studies have been made to determine the most complementary career paths for each personality type, giving an individual a broad sense of potential careers they would be best suited to as a person. As well as aiding the individual, MBTI could also benefit society as a whole, as directing people into careers they are likely to enjoy and flourish in means that overall society would profit from these contributions, as satisfied workers tend to be healthier workers. These specific career paths seem to be dominantly influenced by the second and third columned characteristic, N (intuition) or S (sensory) and T (thinking) or F (feeling). Those with NF tend to lean towards careers in which they can develop intellectually and ethically whilst helping others, including paths such as Religion, Counselling, Teaching and the Arts. Whilst NTs have a tendency to focus more on theoretical frameworks, such as science and technology, in which they are able to keep themselves and others challenged. Those with the Sensory trait (S), which overall makes up 73.4% of the UK’s population, seem to gravitate more towards and best suit more social and economic career branches. SFs, which includes the most common personality type, are more adapted for social careers in which they are able to care for others, such as Education, Health Care, Law Enforcement and Childcare, enabling them to take advantage of their outgoing and benevolent natures. STs on the other hand are likely to best complement business careers such as management, administration, accounting and marketing, in which their natural orientation towards factual information and logical aspects allows them to be well adapted to their working environment.
MBTI has the ability to contribute significantly to the lives of the individuals of society. Not only could play a hugely beneficial role in Career’s Advice giving the individual an insight into the type of career best adapted for them as a person, but it could also give an individual access into a unique insight of themselves as a person. It gives a someone the opportunity to learn about themselves and the universal tendencies of their personality, enabling them to learn their negative characteristics as well as the positive ones. It allows them to learn potential flaws found in their hereditary nature, which the individual members of society can then use as a guideline to try and better themselves, benefitting both them, as an individual, and society as a whole.